xi jinping legislaturperiode

In June 2014, the Shanxi provincial political establishment was decimated, with four officials dismissed within a week from the provincial party organization's top ranks. China gehört zu den größten CO2-Produzenten. In other words, he is impressive". Prominent legal activist Pu Zhiqiang of the Weiquan movement was also arrested and detained. Under Xi, China signed a $400 billion gas deal with Russia; China has also become Russia's largest trading partner. [173] According to Ni Lexiong, a military affairs expert, Xi "not only controls the military but also does it in an absolute manner, and that in wartime, he is ready to command personally". Nächster Aufreger um U-Ausschuss. [26], Xi went to the Beijing No. Former prime minister of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew, when asked about Xi, said he felt he was "a thoughtful man who has gone through many trials and tribulations". Im Gratulationsschreiben bemerkte Kim Jong Un, dass er Xi Jinping seine herzlichste Gratulation und … His predecessor in the position was among those who had been tainted by a wide-ranging pension fund scheme. [271][272] Xi first made mention of the "Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era" in his opening day speech delivered to the 19th Party Congress in October 2017. 7 Xi Jinpings zweite Amtszeit - wohin steuert China? "[166], Xi announced a reduction of 300,000 troops from the PLA in 2015, bringing its size to 2 million troops. "[109] His administration has also overseen more Internet restrictions imposed in China, and is described as being "stricter across the board" on speech than previous administrations. Deng had two shell companies in the British Virgin Islands while Xi was a member of the Politburo Standing Committee, but they were dormant by the time Xi became general secretary of the Communist Party in November 2012. vor 3 Jahren. [64] Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd said that Xi "has sufficient reformist, party and military background to be very much his own man". „Heute ist die neue SAR … The elder Xi, however, was often out of favour with his party and government, especially before and during the Cultural Revolution (1966–76) and after he openly criticized the government’s actions during the 1989 Tiananmen Square incident. In that role he focused on conservation efforts and on improving international relations. On March 14, 2013, he was elected president of China by the National People’s Congress. In October 2016 the CCP bestowed upon him the title of “core leader,” which previously had been given only to influential party figures Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, and Jiang Zemin; the title immediately raised his stature. meetings between Xi and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un. The answer, according to Xi's programme, is two-fold: strengthen the party from within, by streamlining strict party discipline and initiating a large anti-corruption campaign to remove unsavoury elements from within the party, and re-instituting the Mass Line Campaign externally to make party officials better understand and serve the needs of ordinary people. Zwölfte Legislaturperiode. Raúl Castro verlieh Xi Jinping 2014 den José Martí-Orden. Xi’s fortunes got another boost in early 2007 when a scandal surrounding the upper leadership of Shanghai led to his taking over as the city’s party secretary. Nur 21 Tage? Die folgenden des Treffens beziehen sich auf die Wahrnehmung der Rechte und der Rechte von Werbemaßnahmen. [157] This meant that the state would gradually reduce its involvement in the distribution of capital, and restructure state-owned enterprises to allow further competition, potentially by attracting foreign and private sector players in industries that were previously highly regulated. At a meeting with other officials in 2013, he quoted Confucius, saying "he who rules by virtue is like the Pole Star, it maintains its place, and the multitude of stars pay homage." [277][278][279], Xi's position has been described as preferring highly centralized political power as a means to direct large-scale economic restructuring. Following the dismissal of the Party Secretary of Shanghai, Chen Liangyu, Xi was transferred to replace him for a brief period in 2007. Es gelte, die von Partei und Volk zugewiesenen Aufgaben zu erfüllen. Xi signaled at the plenum that he was consolidating control of the massive internal security organization that was formerly the domain of Zhou Yongkang. ", Mulvad, Andreas Møller. [298] Xi's family has a home in Jade Spring Hill, a garden and residential area in north-western Beijing run by the Central Military Commission. Die Wahlen der 35 Delegationen für die zwölfte Legislaturperiode (2013–2018) wurden im Februar 2013 als gültig bestätigt. [160] It also called for more transparency in legal proceedings, more involvement of ordinary citizens in the legislative process, and an overall "professionalization" of the legal workforce. [139][140][141] He is also sometimes called the "Great Helmsman" (大舵手), and in July 2018 Li Zhanshu, the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, referred to Xi as the "eternal core" of the party. NEOS und SPÖ gehen davon aus, dass der Vorschlag überarbeitet wird. [167] On 2016, he reduced the number of theater commands of the PLA from seven to five. Die Entscheidung dürfte zum Ende der knapp einwöchigen Tagung fallen, wenn auch die Zusammensetzung der wichtigsten Parteigremien – des Politbüros und des „Ständigen Ausschusses“ – neu bestimmt wird. [268] He has called traditional culture the "soul" of the nation and the "foundation" of the CCP's culture. 9" is a confidential internal document widely circulated within the Chinese Communist Party in 2013 by the party's General Office. Kommt ein U-Boot aus dem wasser. [79] The new Standing Committee reduced its number of seats from nine to seven, with only Xi himself and Li Keqiang retaining their seats from the previous Standing Committee; the remaining members were new. [39][40], From 1975 to 1979, Xi studied chemical engineering at Beijing's Tsinghua University as a "Worker-Peasant-Soldier student". Xi made the announcement for the initiative while in Astana, Kazakhstan, and called it a "golden opportunity". [122] When Shinzo Abe met Xi the following year, a photograph of the meeting, again juxtaposed to a cartoon, went viral. China turns its back on collective leadership", "China's Much-Heralded NSC Has Disappeared", "Xi Jinping has chosen an unusual man to lead the capital city", "Xi Jinping: Does China truly love 'Big Daddy Xi' – or fear him? Li Zhanshu, Interessen des Ständigen NPC-Ausschusses, Gesetz die Abschlusssitzung, und der 166 Mitglieder des Ständigen NPC-Ausschusses teilnahmen. [131] Xi also became the leader of the Central Leading Group for Internet Security and Informatization, in charge of cyber-security and Internet policy. [220] In 27 June, he attended the G20 summit in Osaka, becoming the first Chinese leader to visit Japan since 2010. During his visit, Pakistan's highest civilian award, the Nishan-e-Pakistan, was conferred upon him. [80][81][82] In a marked departure from the common practice of Chinese leaders, Xi's first speech as general secretary was plainly worded and did not include any political slogans or mention of his predecessors. Das Thema "Eheschließungen der Chinesen" ist auch für Staatspräsident Xi Jinping wichtig. [302], Relatives of highly placed Chinese officials, including seven current and former senior leaders of the Politburo of the Chinese Communist Party, have been named in the Panama Papers, including Deng Jiagui,[303] Xi's brother-in-law. 5. ", "Beijing Police Detain Hundreds For Trying to Visit Chinese Leaders Over New Year", "Xi Jinping Millionaire Relations Reveal Fortunes of Elite", "China blocks Bloomberg for exposing financial affairs of Xi Jinping's family", "As China's Leader Fights Graft, His Relatives Shed Assets", "The Panama Papers are super awkward for Beijing", "Xi Jinping's family linked to Panama Papers", "Xi Jinping, likely China's next leader, called pragmatic, low-key", "China leader-in-waiting carries heavy political baggage to U.S.", "Xi, in 'Godfather' Mold, Looks Assertive and Even Imperial", "Xi Jinping shows his love of Game of Thrones but warns reality must not mirror fantasy", "Glowing profile cracks door open on private life of China's Xi", "Chinese President Xi Jinping in Cartoons", "Chairman Xi crushes dissent but poor believe he's making China great", "The World's Most Popular Leader: China's President Xi", "Michelle Obama is the world's most admired woman", "Xi Jinping has more clout than Donald Trump. Donald Trumps Präsidentschaft behandelt die Amtszeit Donald Trumps als 45. "Heute ist die neue SAR … Omissions? Das Politbüro besteht aus 25 Mitglieder. (Redakteur: Daniel Yang) Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [180] Under his administration the Strategic and Economic Dialogue that began under Hu Jintao has continued. Jahrestags der 3. [317] In 2018, Forbes ranked him as the most powerful and influential person in the world, replacing Russian President Vladimir Putin who had been ranked so for five consecutive years. [54] While in Shanghai, he worked on preserving unity of the local party organisation. [232] According to activists, "Xi is waging the most severe systematic suppression of Christianity in the country since religious freedom was written into the Chinese constitution in 1982", and according to pastors and a group that monitors religion in China, has involved "destroying crosses, burning bibles, shutting churches and ordering followers to sign papers renouncing their faith". relations, Xi said, "If [China and the United States] are in confrontation, it would surely spell disaster for both countries". Havanna. [48] In February 2000, he and then-provincial Party Secretary Chen Mingyi were called before the top members of the Party Central Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China – General Secretary Jiang Zemin, Premier Zhu Rongji, Vice-President Hu Jintao and Discipline Inspection Secretary Wei Jianxing – to explain aspects of the Yuanhua scandal. [196] He later told his Iranian counterpart Hassan Rouhani during an SCO meeting that China would promote ties with Iran regardless of developments from the Gulf of Oman incident. Xi also vowed to root out "tigers and flies", that is, high-ranking officials and ordinary party functionaries. [248][249], In response, 54 countries issued a joint statement supporting China's Xinjiang policies. Melissa Albert was a research editor at Encyclopædia Britannica. [282], Xi has supported the Hong Kong Government and incumbent Chief Executive Carrie Lam against the protesters in the 2019–20 Hong Kong protests. Xi Jinping is a Chinese politician and government official who served as president of China from 2013. He eventually took over as provincial Party Committee Secretary after several months as acting governor, occupying a top provincial office for the first time in his career. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. [186] In November 2014, in a major policy address, Xi called for a decrease in the use of force, preferring dialogue and consultation to solve the current issues plaguing the relationship between China and its South East Asian neighbors. Sagt Merkel: Meine U-Boote können fünf Jahre Unter Wasser Bleiben. Den hat die Kanzlerin Angela Merkel erst vergangene Woche im Telefonat mit Chinas Staatspräsident Xi Jinping bekräftigt. [115] A law enacted in September 2013 authorized a three-year prison term for bloggers who shared more than 500 times any content considered "defamatory. Xi has also been a member of the 17th, 18th, 19th CCP Politburo Standing Committee since 2007. Zwölfte Legislaturperiode. In addition, Xi held the "New Gutian Conference" in 2014, gathering China's top military officers, re-emphasizing the principle of "the party has absolute control over the army" first established by Mao at the 1929 Gutian Conference. Lieber Cro. Kanzlerin Angela Merkel bei ihrem Treffen mit Chinas Präsidenten, Xi Jinping. Donald Trumps Präsidentschaft behandelt die Amtszeit Donald Trumps als 45. That makes it riskier than ever", "World Report 2018: Rights Trends in China", "Repression in China at worst level since Tiananmen Square, HRW warns", "China widens crackdown against grassroot activists", "Wang Quanzhang: The lawyer who simply vanished", "Chinese dream turns sour for activists under Xi Jinping", "Replace pictures of Jesus with Xi to escape poverty, Chinese villagers urged", "Jesus won't save you – President Xi Jinping will, Chinese Christians told", "Group: Officials destroying crosses, burning bibles in China", "Fear and oppression in Xinjiang: China's war on Uighur culture", "President Xi Jinping makes inspection tour in Xinjiang", Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China, "Opinion | What Xi Jinping Hasn't Learned From China's Emperors", "More than 20 ambassadors condemn China's treatment of Uighurs in Xinjiang", "Huawei's human rights record needs scrutiny before Britain signs 5G contracts", "The "22 vs. 50" Diplomatic Split Between the West and China Over Xinjiang and Human Rights", "China Rebuked by 22 Nations Over Xinjiang Repression", Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, "Which Countries Are For or Against China's Xinjiang Policies? ", "Xi Jinping: China's 'princeling' new leader", "Ending Congress, China Presents New Leadership Headed by Xi Jinping", "After months of mystery, China unveils new top leaders", "A Promise to Tackle China's Problems, but Few Hints of a Shift in Path", "Full text: China's new party chief Xi Jinping's speech", "The symbolism of Xi Jinping's trip south", "China's Xi Jinping formally assumes title of president", "China's Xi Jinping hints at backing Sri Lanka against UN resolution", "CY Leung to meet Xi Jinping in Beijing and explain cross-border policies", "China names Xi Jinping as new president", "Elite in China Face Austerity Under Xi's Rule", "President Xi's Anti-Corruption Campaign Biggest Since Mao", "China's Soft-Power Deficit Widens as Xi Tightens Screws Over Ideology", "China's former military chief of staff jailed for life for corruption", "China's anti-corruption campaign expands with new agency", "China's New Leadership Takes Hard Line in Secret Memo", "Seven subjects off limits for teaching, Chinese universities told", "China's Xi Jinping unveils his top party leaders, with no successor in sight", "The great firewall of China: Xi Jinping's internet shutdown", "Xi outlines blueprint to develop China's strength in cyberspace", "Tiananmen Censorship Reflects Crackdown Under Xi Jinping", "On Internet freedoms, China tells the world, 'leave us alone, "Wikipedia blocked in China in all languages", China Tells Carries to Block Access to Personal VPNs by February, "Winnie the Pooh censored in China after President Xi Jinping comparisons", "Why Xi Jinping is called Winnie the Pooh on Twitter? [75] He later visited the United States, Ireland and Turkey in February 2012. Legislaturperiode (2018 – 2023) im März 2018 Machtpoker: Neubesetzung des … He seems to have developed a strong personal relationship with President Vladimir Putin. Wahl in Amerika Aktuelle Nachrichten aus Politik, Wirtschaft, Sport und Kultur. Here's why", "CCP Constitution Amendment May Signal Xi's Power – China Digital Times (CDT)", "CPC creates Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era", "Xi Jinping Thought approved for Party Constitution", "Second volume of Xi's book on governance published", "China's most popular app is a propaganda tool teaching Xi Jinping Thought", "China Revives Mao-Era Self-Criticism, but This Kind Bruises Few Egos", "The Mass Line Campaign in the 21st Century", "China's Political Spectrum under Xi Jinping", "Greater Bay Area: Xi Jinping's other grand plan", "China signals desire to bring Hong Kong under tighter control", "China's Xi vows support for Hong Kong leader during 'most difficult' time", "Xi Jinping again backs Hong Kong police use of force in stopping unrest", "China's Xi warns of 'foreign forces' at Macao anniversary", "Xi Jinping seen as indirectly lecturing Hong Kong as he tells Macau residents to make 'positive voices' heard and resolve problems with rationality", "China, Taiwan and a Meeting After 66 Years", "One-minute handshake marks historic meeting between Xi Jinping and Ma Ying-jeou", "What Xi Jinping said about Taiwan at the 19th Party Congress", "Xi Jinping warns Taiwan it will face 'punishment of history' for separatism", "Xi warns Taiwan independence is 'a dead end, "Taiwan president defiant after China calls for reunification", "Xi Jinping: From 'sent-down youth' to China's top", "China's 'fifth generation' of leaders reflects nation's shifts", "Meet China's Folk Star First Lady-in-Waiting", "Michelle Obama Tours Beijing With China's First Lady", "What Did China's First Daughter Find in America? "Assessing the deterioration in China–US relations: US governmental perspectives on the economic-security nexus. Xi Jinping drückt Raul seine Bereitschaft aus, gemeinsam ein neues Kapitel der chinesisch-kubanischen Freundschaft zu schreiben. [150], Xi has increased state control over China's economy, voicing support for China's state-owned enterprises (SOEs),[151] while also supporting the country's private sector. [33] Later, his mother was forced to publicly denounce his father, as he was paraded before a crowd as an enemy of the revolution. While visiting Shandong, the birthplace of Confucius, in November, he told scholars that the Western world was "suffering a crisis of confidence" and that the CCP has been "the loyal inheritor and promoter of China's outstanding traditional culture. [168] He has also abolished the four autonomous general departments of the PLA, replacing them with 15 agencies directly reporting to the Central Military Commission. Updates? The son of Chinese Communist veteran Xi Zhongxun, he was exiled to rural Yanchuan County as a teenager following his father's purge during the Cultural Revolution, and lived in a cave in the village of Liangjiahe, where he joined the CCP and worked as the party secretary. [252], On 22 September 2020, a Chinese billionaire, Ren Zhiqiang was sentenced to jail for 18 years on corruption charges. The success of his anti-corruption campaign continued, with more than one million corrupt officials being punished by late 2017; the campaign also served to remove many of Xi’s political rivals, further bolstering his efforts to eliminate dissent and strengthen his grip on power. ", includes McGregor, Richard. Autor: Granma | internet@granma.cu. TE Bvwg Erkenntnis 2020/7/9 W241 2232023-1 He was also reportedly at the helm of a top-level Communist Party committee dubbed the 6521 Project, which was charged with ensuring social stability during a series of politically sensitive anniversaries in 2009. [171][172] Some analysts interpreted this move as an attempt to display strength and strong leadership and as being more "political than military". [155] Since the outbreak of the China-United States trade war in 2018, Xi has also revived calls for "self-reliance", especially on the matters of technology. 0. Freedom House Sonderbericht: Die Schlacht um Chinas Geist – Religiöse Erneuerung, Unterdrückung und Widerstand unter Xi Jinping (Teil 10) Falun Gong ist nach wie vor ein Tabuthema in China. Xi Jinping: Russland und China sollten gemeinsam Völkerrecht schützen Der chinesische Staatspräsident sprach auf einer Festveranstaltung in Peking anlässlich des 40. A blog post where the photograph was juxtaposed with the cartoon depiction went viral,[119][120][121] but Chinese censors rapidly deleted it. [219], On 20 June 2019, Xi Jinping visited Pyongyang, becoming the first Chinese leader to visit North Korea since his predecessor Hu Jintao's visit in 2004. [93] Along with new disciplinary chief Wang Qishan, Xi's administration spearheaded the formation of "centrally-dispatched inspection teams" (中央巡视组). After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 by Mao Zedong, Xi's father held a series of posts, including Party propaganda chief, vice-premier, and Vice Chairperson of the National People's Congress. Schweizerische Bundeskanzlei BK. BEIJING—In the two years before Xi Jinping became China’s leader in 2012, U.S. officials tried to size him up through a series of face-to-face meetings. His anti-corruption campaign has led to the downfall of prominent incumbent and retired Communist Party officials, including members of the Politburo Standing Committee. [142] On 25 December 2019, the politburo officially named Xi as "People's Leader" (人民领袖; rénmín lǐngxiù), a title only Mao held previously. 7 Xi Jinpings zweite Amtszeit - wohin steuert China? Das wäre um mehr als die Hälfte weniger, als beim BVT-Ausschuss. The system has faced significant criticism for years from domestic critics and foreign observers. Juni Xi Jinping, dem Generalsekretär des ZK der KPCh und dem Präsidenten der VR China, das Gratulations-schreiben und -blumenkorb zu seinem Geburtstag. [92], During the first three years of Xi's term, he initiated cases against former Central Military Commission vice-chairmen Xu Caihou and Guo Boxiong, former Politburo Standing Committee member and security chief Zhou Yongkang and former Hu Jintao chief aide Ling Jihua. Xi visited the statue of Deng Xiaoping and his trip was described as following in the footsteps of Deng's own southern trip in 1992, which provided the impetus for further economic reforms in China after conservative party leaders stalled many of Deng's reforms in the aftermath of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. [162] He and CCDI Secretary Wang Qishan further institutionalised CCDI's independence from the day-to-day operations of the CCP, improving its ability to function as a bona fide control body. [60] Bo's policies in Chongqing inspired imitations throughout China and received praise from Xi himself during Xi's visit to Chongqing in 2010. He has also enacted or promoted a more assertive foreign policy, particularly with regard to China–Japan relations, China's claims in the South China Sea, and its advocacy for free trade and globalization. [214], In March 2016, Xi visited the Czech Republic on his way to United States. Alexandria . [63] Former U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson described Xi as "the kind of guy who knows how to get things over the goal line". He held the position for only a brief period, however, as he was selected in October 2007 as one of the nine members of the standing committee of the CCP’s Political Bureau (Politburo), the highest ruling body in the party. He then went on to Tanzania, South Africa (where he attended the BRICS summit in Durban), and the Republic of the Congo. [310] He also likes playing football, mountain climbing, walking, volleyball and swimming. [114] Likewise, the situation for users of Weibo has been described as a change from fearing that individual posts would be deleted, or at worst one's account, to fear of arrest. [213] This followed a visit to China in March 2015 by the Duke of Cambridge. Wer ist Xi Jinping? [43] Xi subsequently served in four provinces during his regional political career: Hebei (1982–1985), Fujian (1985–2002), Zhejiang (2002–2007), and Shanghai (2007). Xi Jinping führt Inspektionstour in Hefei durch. Since then, the phrase has become the signature political slogan of the Xi era. The party aimed to reform the legal system which had been perceived as ineffective at delivering justice and affected by corruption, local government interference and lack of constitutional oversight. [90], Xi vowed to crack down on corruption almost immediately after he ascended to power at the 18th Party Congress. [229] He presided over the 709 crackdown on 9 July 2015, which saw more than 200 lawyers, legal assistants and human rights activists being detained. [227] The HRW also said that repression in China is "at its worst level since the Tiananmen Square massacre. [243][244][245], In response, 50 countries signed a joint letter to the UNHRC commending China's "remarkable achievements in the field of human rights" under Xi Jinping, claiming "Now safety and security has returned to Xinjiang and the fundamental human rights of people of all ethnic groups there are safeguarded." Volume one was published in September 2014, followed by volume two in November 2017. This made him, informally, the paramount leader and the first to be born after the founding of the People's Republic of China. Without the protection of his father, Xi was sent to work in Liangjiahe Village, Wen'anyi Town, Yanchuan County, Yan'an, Shaanxi, in 1969 in Mao Zedong's Down to the Countryside Movement. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [note 4] He went on to remark: "There are some bored foreigners, with full stomachs, who have nothing better to do than point fingers at us. In the wake of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, Xi visited disaster areas in Shaanxi and Gansu. Der Ständige Ausschuss des Politbüros umfasst inzwischen sieben Personen. ", "Behind the Personality Cult of Xi Jinping", "China's authoritarian path to development: is democratization possible?, by Liang Tang, Abingdon, Routledge, 2017, 263pp., ISBN: 978-1-138-01647-7", "Shades of Authoritarianism and State–Labour Relations in China", "Under Xi Jinping, China is turning back to dictatorship", "Dictatorship nearly destroyed China once. [235], Following several terrorist attacks in Xinjiang in 2013 and 2014, Xi launched the "people's war on terror" in 2014, which involved mass detention, and surveillance of ethnic Uyghurs there. [24][25] Xi's father was from Fuping County, Shaanxi, and Xi could further trace his patrilineal descent from Xiying in Dengzhou, Henan. He once said that he would swim one kilometre and walk every day as long as there was time. [38] In 1985, as part of a Chinese delegation to study U.S. agriculture, he stayed in the home of an American family in the town of Muscatine, Iowa. Xi Jinping und Mao Zedong stammen aus der derselben Partei. Xi explained the decision in terms of needing to align two more powerful posts—General Secretary of the Communist Party and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC)—which have no term limits. ", Zhang, Feng. These number are almost same with those of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un (23% confidence, 53% no confidence).[198]. Xi Jinping was the son of Xi Zhongxun, who once served as deputy prime minister of China and was an early comrade-in-arms of Mao Zedong. [217] On 17 January, Xi addressed the forum in a high-profile keynote, addressing globalization, the global trade agenda, and China's rising place in the world's economy and international governance; he made a series of pledges about China's defense of "economic globalization" and climate change accords. ", Foot, Rosemary, and Amy King. [193], Relations with the U.S. soured after Donald Trump became president in 2016. Längere Legislaturperiode: Fragwürdige Argumente; Ihre Suche in FAZ.NET. In contrast to his reformist father, Xi had a reputation for prudence and for following the party line, and as Shanghai’s secretary his focus was squarely on promoting stability and rehabilitation of the city’s financial image. [note 3][45], From 1998 to 2002, Xi studied Marxist theory and ideological education in Tsinghua University,[46] graduating from there with a doctorate in law and ideology in 2002. [136][137] The village of Liangjiahe, where Xi was sent to work, has become a "modern-day shrine" decorated with Communist propaganda and murals extolling the formative years of his life. Nationaler Volkskongress am 18. [86], Xi was elected President of the People's Republic of China on 14 March 2013, in a confirmation vote by the 12th National People's Congress in Beijing. During that period he developed an especially good relationship with the local peasantry, which would aid the wellborn Xi’s credibility in his eventual rise through the ranks of the CCP.

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